How to write a literature review

Start by determining the purpose of the Literature review 

Just like any other form of academic essays, a literature review needs a purpose and you should plan in advance to get it right. 

Part is to determine the main focus of your review or the purpose. 

Ask yourself these questions: 

  • What is the topic or subject matter of the review?  
  • What is the research problem, gaps or questions? In other words what are you after? 
  • What is the marking/ grading or publishing criteria? 

Conduct an extensive and comprehensive literature search

The idea here is to understand previous research findings.

Regarding the question “What kind of literature should I review,” – Experts agree that you should select a wide variety of scholarly or academic sources that are;  

  • Authoritative
  • Credible
  • Relevant
  • Current.

Here are the type of sources you should consider for your literature review: 

  • Books
  • journal articles
  • reports
  •  Government documents
  •  Conference proceedings
  • Web resources.

Your school library is an excellent place to look for sources. 

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